mobilizing for the stormthe army national guard in operations desert shield and desert storm Manual
The coalition of nations led by the United States bombed Iraqi forces and strongholds from the start of Operation Desert Storm until its end in February On February 24, the ground assault began. Coalition forces moved through Iraq and Kuwait through the Saudi Arabian border. Those headed toward Kuwait encountered trenches, barbed wire, and minefields. Fortunately for the coalition, many of these fortifications were poorly manned and defended, with most overtaken in the first twenty-four hours.
The Iraq Army had more than , soldiers. Coalition forces encountered minimal resistance due to many Iraqi troops surrendering after small-arms firefights. The coalition repelled Iraqi forces and advanced toward Kuwait City. Several thousand Kuwaiti units were tasked with liberating the city. The Kuwaitis quickly liberated their city. Three days after the ground assault started, President Hussein ordered a retreat from Kuwait, and President Bush declared the country liberated. Meanwhile, an Iraqi unit at the Kuwait International Airport still fiercely resisted within the city after this declaration; U.
Marines from the First and Second Divisions cleared Iraqi forces out in a few hours. After the liberation of Kuwait City, and an additional day retreating, the Iraq Army was expelled from Kuwait. During their retreat, the Iraqi forces set fire to nearly oil wells and placed obstacles and mines around the wells to make extinguishing the fires more difficult for the coalition.
Some hours after the ground assault started, combat operations ended.
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In coalition-controlled territory in southern Iraq, a peace conference was held at which a ceasefire agreement was negotiated and signed by both sides. Saddam Hussein remained in power as president of Iraq. After the ceasefire, the coalition began withdrawing from Iraq as part of Operation Desert Farewell. Without the expected American support, the rebellion was eventually defeated. The conflict left tens of thousands dead and up to two million citizens displaced.
Arkansas played a vital supportive role in the war. The Arkansas Air National Guard also deployed ten units into federal service. Together, more than 3, Arkansans took part in the Gulf War.
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One of the largest Arkansas units deployed was the nd Field Artillery Brigade. Arkansas also contributed medical, transportation, and maintenance units in the Gulf War. Specifically, the nd Transportation Company was called into federal service on September 20, This unit was sent to Southwest Asia.
The Meritorious Unit Commendation the unit received states that it drove nearly a million miles in seven months. This unit was released from federal service on June 4, The unit was fired up to go, people worked 1 8 hours a day to get ready and then it was a standdown. That is bad business.
During the first 60 to 90 days, coordination was poor. The DoD as an agency couldn't provide lift assets fast enough to get all of the troops there. They extended the soldiers from 90 to days. It would have been better if the soldiers could have had orders for six months from the start. Of course 90 day mobilization was the law then.
They could have always come back earlier. It's hard to get there and back in just 90 days. It made me feel good to see that kind of support. In the Vietnam era, soldiers left in units, but returned as individuals.
They returned as individuals to communities generally without public support.. We made heroes of each Desert Storm soldier. Sometimes it was difficult for these soldiers to make speeches, sometimes that kind of attention is hard to handle. The unsung heroes are the people who worked extra hours getting the soldiers ready to go. They didn't get parades, but they should be thanked. It was a short war from September to March. For us back here it didn't seem like the war was long. Thank goodness it was over and that we didn't suffer the casualties we might have.
Wayne C. How would they abuse us. How would they disesteem our standing in the local community.
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This was brought to light by the highly orchestrated effort to prove Guard combat units unfit for duty," Majors continued. The 24th was not much better prepared than the 48th. The 24th was in fact respon- sible for the training of the 48th Brigade. They set them up and knocked them down. While this went on no one looked at the 24th Division or the replacement brigade th from Fort Benning, Ga. Everyone knew someone who knew somebody who was serving in Southwest Asia.
This brought Americans together. This welding together started to mend some things that had been missing in our country for a long time. We were together in a common cause.
Majors, a highly decorated Vietnam war veteran, remarked that the active component applied some of the lessons learned from the Vietnam War and used that information to rally public support. During Desert Storm, the government used public opin- ion. It was outstanding how the government used psychology to weld the country together on this issue. We could just as well have mobilized a battalion or a brigade. We would have been stretched to the limit with larger units, but, with the Hoosier work ethic, given the job, we do the work.
There was no policy for Brig. Majors Brig. This was one of the many problems encoun- tered. That was the written plan. No one in the active service was reading that plan.
Operation Desert Storm: The First Gulf War
This added to our dilemma. The Active Army trucked our soldiers back to Atterbury and re-qualified them. What does that tell you?